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Life Sciences & Medicine
2019-11-8

When your microbiome and your genome aren’t a good combination

Researchers led by a team from Osaka University find a link between the gut microbiome, the host genome, and rheumatoid arthritis in Japanese patients

Research carried out by a team led by Osaka University has shown that various Prevotella species, along with several specific genes and biological pat...

Life Sciences & Medicine
2019-11-7

Researchers discover molecular light switch in photoreceptor cells

Researchers from Osaka University identify an enzyme that helps control vision in bright and dark spaces, with significant implications for the prevention of light-induced vision damage

Transducin, a protein found inside photoreceptor cells in vertebrate eyes, alters its cellular location in response to changes in light intensity, all...

Engineering
2019-10-31

Elucidation of cause of electromagnetic noise allows for EM noise-less electric circuits

Researchers from Osaka University developed equations for quantifying electromagnetic interference (EM noise) and elucidated its origin, allowing for the best circuit configuration to reduce EM noise

Researchers from Osaka University developed equations for quantifying electromagnetic interference (EM noise) and elucidated its origin, allowing for ...

Life Sciences & Medicine
2019-10-17

Keep quiet or be eliminated: how cell competition modulates morphogen gradients

Osaka University-led study shows that communication between cells with normal and abnormal Wnt/β-catenin activity causes abnormal cells to die through production of reactive oxygen species

Tissue patterning is an important process during embryo formation, which ensures that groups of cells are arranged in an appropriate manner that allow...

2019-10-16

A close up on the real world — atomic migration under ambient conditions

Researchers from Osaka University take a closer look at electrostatically driven reactions at metal surfaces under atmospheric conditions

Osaka University researchers have reported an environmental transmission electron microscopy technique that has allowed in situ visualization of the a...

Life Sciences & Medicine
2019-10-4

Breaking the Stroma Barrier: Study Shows a New Way to Hit Cancer with Radiation

Researchers at Osaka University test a new cancer treatment in mice that guides high-strength radiotherapy directly to pancreatic tumors

Chemotherapy and radiation therapy are commonly used to treat cancer, but are not always effective and can have toxic side effects. Researchers at Osa...

Engineering
2019-9-25

Nanocatalyst makes heavy work of formic acid

Researchers from Osaka University report an inexpensive and scalable route to hydrogen isotope compounds

Osaka University researchers have reported a nanocatalyst that is able to produce hydrogen isotope compounds D2 and HD via the heterogeneous dehydroge...

Life Sciences & Medicine
2019-9-24

No defects found in reproductive ability of male mice returning from short stay in space

Male mice raised in space using specially developed cages were returned safely to Earth. The sperm production/fertilizing ability of the mice were nor...

Life Sciences & Medicine
2019-9-18

Clinical research for PET imaging for prostate cancer begins at Osaka University Hospital

Osaka University Hospital began Japan’s first clinical research for diagnosis of prostate cancer using PET scan results. In this study, the 18F-labell...

Life Sciences & Medicine
2019-9-13

Multidrug resistance: Not as recent as we thought

Researchers from Osaka University find that a relatively ancient drug efflux pump in Haemophilus influenzae confers resistance to the same drugs as its more evolved counterparts, and is only mitigated by a slightly leaky membrane channel

Researchers from Osaka University found that the ancient RND-type multidrug efflux pump AcrB from Haemophilus influenzae targets the same drugs as its...

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