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Physiology

2020-8-20
Is turning back the clock in aging fat cells a remedy for lifestyle diseases?

Researchers from Osaka University found that lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, high cholesterol, and fatty liver are caused by age-related changes ...

2020-7-11
Fat cell hormone boosts potential of stem cell therapy

Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy has shown promising results in the treatment of conditions ranging from liver cirrhosis to retinal damage, but res...

2020-6-5
Novel switch protein that ‘turns on’ sperm for fertilization

Researchers from Osaka University and Baylor College of Medicine discovered a signaling cascade in which the testicular protein NELL2 travels through ...

2020-5-22
A vaccine targeting aged cells mitigates metabolic disorders in obese mice

Researchers from Osaka University developed a novel vaccine that removes senescent T cells from adipose tissues. They showed that vaccinated obese mic...

2019-11-29
Protein defect leaves sperm chasing their tails

A team led by researchers from Osaka University have characterized a protein, called VSP, that keeps sperm swimming in straight lines. Deletion of the...

2019-10-17
Keep quiet or be eliminated: how cell competition modulates morphogen gradients

Tissue patterning is an important process during embryo formation, which ensures that groups of cells are arranged in an appropriate manner that allow...

2019-6-14
Helping select the cells with the most potential

Little is known about the mechanisms by which mammalian cells grow and differentiate during the handful of days between fertilization of the egg and i...

2019-1-18
A Real Turn On: Evolutionary Rotation of Fly Genitalia Tied to Mating Success

Osaka University researchers sought evidence that developmental genital rotation of flies in the order Diptera evolved in correlation with a shift to ...

2018-11-20
Lung Neuropeptide Exacerbates Lethal Influenza Virus Infection

Researchers found that lung immune cells (phagocytes) produce increased levels of neuropeptide Y (NPY) when mice are infected with severe influenza vi...

2017-12-19
Uneasiness in Observers of Unnatural Android Movements Explained

When the human-likeness of androids exceeds a certain threshold, the human’s affinity for them decreases and an uncanny feeling about them increases. ...

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