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Cell Biology

2019-11-22
Seeing the world’s smallest universal joints

Researchers at Osaka University used electron cryomicroscopy to produce the most accurate images to date of the bacterial flagellar hook. This work ma...

2019-11-19
Researchers split the “AtoM” in search of a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, disabling disease in which the joints become swollen and painfully inflamed. Current treatments can only reduce sym...

2019-11-7
Researchers discover molecular light switch in photoreceptor cells

Transducin, a protein found inside photoreceptor cells in vertebrate eyes, alters its cellular location in response to changes in light intensity, all...

2019-10-17
Keep quiet or be eliminated: how cell competition modulates morphogen gradients

Tissue patterning is an important process during embryo formation, which ensures that groups of cells are arranged in an appropriate manner that allow...

2019-6-7
Nuclear pore complex outer rings: no longer “one size fits all”

In eukaryotic cells, molecules can only move into or out of the nucleus through specialized channels called nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). Each NPC ha...

2019-5-21
Phosphorylation of Regnase-1 Lets IL-17 Run Amok

A research team led by Osaka University found that the cytokine interleukin (IL)-17 triggers the phosphorylation of mRNA-degrading enzyme Regnase-1, r...

2019-4-18
Location is everything for plant cell differentiation

During development, plant cell differentiation is guided by location rather than lineage. Now, researchers from Osaka University have shown that the a...

2019-3-6
Hematopoietic Stem Cells: Making Blood Thicker than Water

An Osaka University-led team revealed that Ragnase-1 is a key regulator of the self-renewal and differentiation of hematopoietic stem and progenitor c...

2019-2-22
Treatment to a T? Taking a BiTE Out of Lung Cancer

An Osaka University-led research team assayed T cell cytotoxicity in tumor tissue in lung cancer, along with normal lung tissue and peripheral blood. ...

2019-2-19
The key to increased lifespan? Rubicon alters autophagy in animals during aging

Autophagy is an important biological recycling mechanism that influences the progression of aging in animals. Here, age-related changes in autophagy w...

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