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Cell Biology

2020-1-9
Getting to the "Heart" of Heart Beats: Cardiac thin filament structure and function revealed

Osaka University team uses advanced electron cryomicroscopy and image analysis to reveal the structure of vital muscle thin filaments in the heart wit...

2019-12-11
Hematopoietic stem cell marker: A key player in the ontogeny of hematopoiesis

A research team led by Osaka University revealed that Endothelial cell-selective adhesion molecule, a surface marker for hematopoietic stem cells and ...

2019-12-6
Genomic cut and paste using a Class 1 CRISPR system

Repairing faulty genes to prevent and cure disease is something researchers have been working towards for many years. While Class 2 CRISPR systems sho...

2019-11-22
Seeing the world’s smallest universal joints

Researchers at Osaka University used electron cryomicroscopy to produce the most accurate images to date of the bacterial flagellar hook. This work ma...

2019-11-19
Researchers split the “AtoM” in search of a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, disabling disease in which the joints become swollen and painfully inflamed. Current treatments can only reduce sym...

2019-11-7
Researchers discover molecular light switch in photoreceptor cells

Transducin, a protein found inside photoreceptor cells in vertebrate eyes, alters its cellular location in response to changes in light intensity, all...

2019-10-17
Keep quiet or be eliminated: how cell competition modulates morphogen gradients

Tissue patterning is an important process during embryo formation, which ensures that groups of cells are arranged in an appropriate manner that allow...

2019-6-7
Nuclear pore complex outer rings: no longer “one size fits all”

In eukaryotic cells, molecules can only move into or out of the nucleus through specialized channels called nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). Each NPC ha...

2019-5-21
Phosphorylation of Regnase-1 Lets IL-17 Run Amok

A research team led by Osaka University found that the cytokine interleukin (IL)-17 triggers the phosphorylation of mRNA-degrading enzyme Regnase-1, r...

2019-4-18
Location is everything for plant cell differentiation

During development, plant cell differentiation is guided by location rather than lineage. Now, researchers from Osaka University have shown that the a...

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