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Life Sciences & Medicine
2019-8-30

Methylation of microRNA may be a new powerful biomarker for cancer

Researchers from Osaka University find a new way to distinguish individuals with early pancreatic cancer from healthy controls, representing a promising new metric in cancer diagnosis

Researchers from Osaka University found that levels of methylated microRNA were significantly higher in tissue and serum from cancer patients compared...

Natural Sciences
2019-8-28

Terahertz waves reveal hidden processes in ultrafast artificial photosynthesis

Osaka University researchers have succeeded in observing charge transfer and intermolecular interactions in ultrafast artificial photosynthesis. Wit...

Life Sciences & Medicine
2019-8-28

Breast cancer gene a potential target for childhood liver cancer treatment

Researchers from Osaka University find that a gene normally involved in hormone-induced growth of breast cancer cells is also a key player in the development of hepatoblastoma

Hepatoblastoma is a rare liver cancer that mainly affects infants and young children and is associated with mutations in the β-catenin gene. Researche...

Engineering
2019-8-27

A novel recipe for efficiently removing intrinsic defects from hard crystals

2019-8-27

High-energy lasers could be used to treat Alzheimer’s disease in the future

Far-infrared free-electron laser is useful in breaking down protein aggregates and has attractive applications in medicine and biomaterial engineering

The aggregation of amyloid protein fibrils is involved in diseases such as amyloidosis and even Alzheimer’s. Thus, dissociation of these amyloid fibri...

Life Sciences & Medicine
2019-8-26

An oral splint that can reduce Tourette syndrome tics

Researchers at Osaka University develop an oral device that effectively reduces motor and vocal tics in patients with Tourette syndrome

Osaka University researchers developed a new device that ameliorates the characteristic vocal and motor tics of Tourette syndrome. By biting down on t...

Life Sciences & Medicine
2019-8-20

The seeds of Parkinson’s disease: amyloid fibrils that move through the brain

Using X-ray imaging of post mortem brains, researchers find α-synuclein aggregates that can move through the brain before developing into Lewy bodies, the hallmark of Parkinson’s disease

Researchers at Osaka University used microbeam X-ray diffraction to study the ultrastructure of Lewy bodies in post-mortem brains of Parkinson’s disea...

Engineering
2019-8-16

World’s thinnest, lightest signal amplifier enables bioinstrumentation with reduced noise

Life Sciences & Medicine
2019-8-9

Multi-tasking protein at the root of neuropathic pain

Researchers from Osaka University find that a protein with roles in neuron development and cell adhesion is also a key factor in pain sensitization

Neuropathic pain is a chronic condition resulting from nerve injury and is characterized by increased pain sensitivity. Although known to be associate...

Natural Sciences
2019-7-30

Black hole holograms

Japanese researchers propose a new holographic method to simulate black holes with a tabletop experiment

Japanese researchers show how a holographic tabletop experiment can be used to simulate the physics of a black hole. This work may lead the way to a m...

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