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Natural Sciences
2018-12-14

Flexible thermoelectric generator module: a silver bullet to fix waste energy issues

Large-scale flexible thermoelectric generator module with high mechanical reliability and highly efficient power generation

Researchers developed an inexpensive large-scale flexible thermoelectric generator (FlexTEG) module with high mechanical reliability for highly effici...

Natural Sciences
2018-12-8

Adventures in Phase Space: Unified Map on Plastic and Elastic Glasses

Osaka University-led researchers simulate the phase diagram of a simple glass, showing how its plasticity, elasticity, yielding and jamming depend on the annealing process

A research team led by Osaka University simulated glassy colloidal solids to understand their mechanical and failure properties. Under strain, the har...

Life Sciences & Medicine
2018-12-6

Cancer Cells Distinguished by Artificial Intelligence-based System

Osaka University researchers develop a system using artificial intelligence that can automatically differentiate between different types of cancer cell

A research team at Osaka University created a system that uses a convolutional neural network to learn the features distinguishing different cancer ce...

Life Sciences & Medicine
2018-12-5

Eye-Opening Study Differentiates iPS Cells into Various Ocular Lineages

Osaka University-led team reveals how stem cells can be induced to differentiate into the various cells that make up the eye, with potential implications for treating ocular diseases

Osaka University researchers revealed that culturing human induced pluripotent stem cells with different isoforms of the extracellular component lamin...

2018-11-30

Macroscopic phenomena governed by microscopic physics

Researchers at Osaka University observe magnetic reconnection found in the Sun and Earth’s magnetosphere through experimentation with high power laser

Researchers at Osaka University observe a magnetic reconnection driven by electron dynamics in laser-produced plasmas. Magnetic reconnections are ofte...

2018-11-28

Multifunctional dream ceramic matrix composites are born!

Osaka University scientists produce tough ceramic matrix composites that exhibit electrical conductivity and photocatalytic activity

Researchers at Osaka University produced composites consisting of alumina (Al2O3) ceramics and titanium (Ti), namely Al2O3/Ti composites. They designe...

Engineering
2018-11-28

Focus on this: Japanese team increases X-ray laser focusing ability

Osaka University-led collaboration fabricates multilayer mirrors that provide an X-ray free-electron laser with sub-10 nm beam size

Osaka University-based researchers fabricated multilayer mirrors that improved the focusing of X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) beams. The wavefront o...

Life Sciences & Medicine
2018-11-22

Gip1 structure places G proteins in lockdown

Researchers show that the protein Gip1 possesses a cylinder-like fold with a central hydrophobic cavity, which forms a complex with heterotrimeric G proteins and inhibits downstream signal transduction

Heterotrimeric G proteins are important in G protein-coupled receptor signaling, which is important in the detection of various stimuli. Here, an Osak...

Life Sciences & Medicine
2018-11-21

How low can we go? Nanopore detection of single flu viruses to control outbreaks

Osaka University-led study shows that label-free digital diagnostics based on nanopore analytics and AI technology can characterize individual virions by their distinct physical features

Influenza is a highly contagious respiratory disease that may cause a serious outbreak at any time. Here, an Osaka University-led research team develo...

Life Sciences & Medicine
2018-11-20

Going viral: New cells for norovirus production in the lab

Study shows that intestinal epithelial cells created from human induced pluripotent stem cells can be used for producing large numbers of human norovirus particles, allowing the disease to be studied without the need for human tissue or bile

Human norovirus is a major cause of infections that can be particularly dangerous to children and elderly people. Here, an Osaka University-led resear...

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